Development of Psychology and Parapsychology (hypnosis, NLP, pickup)
To date I have introduced some of the specific techniques included within SoGye, the interpersonal psychology domain of SanMyu.
In this instalment, I will briefly talk about each of the parapsychological studies such as hypnosis, NLP and pick up, and how their history of development and what challenges they have each faced.
The end-game motive of what people want to achieve with interpersonal and practical psychology is rather simple.
Whether it’s a progression of talking to an attractive stranger and dating them;
persuading your clients about your products and making the sell;
or sitting on a political negotiation to seize the control of power,
all interpersonal desires converge into one fundamental need.
It is to move other’s minds and making them do what you want.
To make the illustration easy, I will simplify this into one example.
A man encounters a woman and finds her cute, and decides that he wants to strike a conversation with her. Let us think in that man’s shoes, observing the approach to solving this situation. For convenience, let’s call this situation A.
In these situations, having some advantages in physical appearance would make it easier to make her receptive towards us, which accounts for capitalism responding to that demand with gym memberships, fashion, professional barbers and grooming products, colognes etc.
Broadly, we could say that those aspects are part of interpersonalogy and self-improvement, but this time we will inspect closely on the fundamental mechanism behind the human interaction rather than external factors.
Among many of such approaches, we will first talk about the development and limitations of hypnosis, since it is the most widely known approach that influenced other later methodologies such as NLP and other parapsychologies.
Interpersonal Improvement Through Hypnosis and Its Limitation
During the early years of hypnosis, what the hypnotists regarded as the ultimate end-goal level was Aggressive Hypnosis.
To illustrate using situation A, it is about using hypnosis aggressively, by interrupting the target woman and hypnotising her to cause a feeling of instant attraction.
However, despite countless number of experiments and research,
even the hypnotists who have reached the level of mastery have realised that they could not succeed in hypnotising a passer-by and creating instant attraction.
Let alone hypnosis, it was difficult to reliably get the passer-by to react
when they said “hey, excuse me,” and stop walking.
Even after they stop walking and listen to what the hypnotist had to say,
it was soon apparent that attempts of hypnosis to gain a positive feeling was impossible.
(If we change the experimenter from hypnotist to pick-up artist, and the verb from “hypnotise” to “strike a conversation and create attraction”, those who have actually attempted these would know that the situation will be the same; i.e. you cannot make them like you beyond statistical coincidence.
Contrary to many claims made by the pick-up industry, the actual progress made is through brute force of approaching incessant number of people and hitting a fluke. Occasionally the talented few will discover their own ‘tips and tricks’ but it is then another problem to turn it into a system and teach others.)
Through this, they have concluded this:
Without giving a preface knowledge about them,
it is impossible to create rapport and and attraction
by striking a conversation with a stranger in a strange environment,
and strictly speaking this is not the domain of hypnosis.
Through this, a huge transition was made within the field of hypnosis,
with a switch from aggressive hypnosis to hypnosis of cooperation.
Birth of the concept of “cooperation”
Early hypnosis had much lower success rate compared to current hypnosis,
and as the clear explanations could not be found,
terminologies such as Rapport or hypnotic susceptibility emerged.
Meaning a psychological closeness, it is a degree of measurement of trust and psychological connection between the hypnotist and the receiver.
Initial failures to hypnosis were blamed upon these concepts:
that certain amount of rapport is needed between hypnotist and the receiver,
that people who are easy to hypnotise are hypno-susceptible,
whereas those who are difficult is due to their low susceptibility.
It was thought that the failures mostly resulted from the temperament of the receivers, rather than the therapist’s lack of aptitude.
as many fields of study including psychology continued research in human mind, and the scientific data on such experiments were undisclosed to the world one by one, the initial failures of hypnosis were explained through science bit by bit.
The first piece of revelation was that
what people defined as “hypnotise someone” was wrong.
Through repetition of experiments, the psychologists have found out that the
experiments without the participants’ consent, whether explicit or implicit, were only useful in collection of data as an observer, and the experimenter could not meaningfully control or influence the psychology or the behaviours of the subjects.
What we have initially thought of as an insignificant aspect of an experiment, i.e. informing the subjects of the experimental conditions and requesting their cooperation, was found to be the key.
Through this, the concept of “cooperation” brought the success rate of hypnosis to a whole new level.
Scientisation of hypnosis and inclusion into psychology
After the concept of “cooperation” was established,
the field of hypnosis casted away its former mystic and occult imagery of an eerie, psychic mind-reader and mind-bender that the initial mesmerists or some stage hypnotists intended to give off.
Through the scientific approaches of the clinical psychiatrists and the psychologists, hypnosis was included in a broad umbrella of psychology, being formally studied in the academia.
In the early days of hypnosis, the expressions such as ‘hypnotise someone’ and ‘get hypnotised’, were commonplace and natural.
However, the discovery of cooperation revealed that the approaching hypnosis as ‘somebody doing something to another’ was the fundamental reason why hypnosis was unsuccessful.
Finding out that hypnosis does not succeed at a meaningful rate
unless the receiver agrees to it and proactively cooperates,
a huge paradigm shift was made within hypnosis:
from attempting to start an aggressive hypnosis on somebody who wasn’t interested not willing to participate in hypnosis, to directly asking them to cooperate in hypnosis.
“Are you interested in hypnosis? If you are interested and you cooperate with me, you will experience the hypnosis. If you are not interested and you do not cooperate with me, you will not experience it. Now, will you cooperate with me?”
This initial request for cooperation has become the symbolic difference between the hypnosis of the past and the modern hypnosis.
Following this, the scientists no longer attempt to force hypnosis onto others like the past hypnotists, and the phrases such as “hypnotise someone” or “get hypnotised” became vestigial.